Cancer known medically as a malignant neoplasm, is a broad group of diseases involving unregulated cell growth. Cancers can be detected in a number of ways, including the presence of certain signs and symptoms, screening tests, or medical imaging. Once a possible cancer is detected it is diagnosed by microscopic examination of a tissue sample. Cancer is usually treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. The chances of surviving the disease vary greatly by the type and location of the cancer and the extent of disease at the start of treatment. While cancer can affect people of all ages, and a few types of cancer are more common in children, the risk of developing cancer generally increases with age. In 2007, cancer caused about 13% of all human deathsworldwide (7.9 million). Rates are rising as more people live to an old age and as mass lifestyle changes occur in the developing world.
This is the richest part of the OpenClinical.net repository for historical reasons. The project was originally established with funding from Cancer Research UK though more recent applications were developed in collaboration with colleagues in the Oncology Department at The Royal Free Hospital, London and funding from the Royal Free Hospital Charity.
At the launch of Repertoire applications are intended to have only demonstration value and should not be regarded as representing the current state of medical knowledge or practice.