Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from breast cells. Breast cancer usually starts off in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with milk. A malignant tumor can spread to other parts of the body. A breast cancer that started off in the lobules is known as lobular carcinoma, while one that developed from the ducts is called ductal carcinoma.

Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide. It accounts for 16% of all female cancers and 22.9% of invasive cancers in women. 18.2% of all cancer deaths worldwide, including both males and females, are from breast cancer.

Breast cancer rates are much higher in developed nations compared to developing ones. There are several reasons for this, with possibly life-expectancy being one of the key factors – breast cancer is more common in elderly women; women in the richest countries live much longer than those in the poorest nations. The different lifestyles and eating habits of females in rich and poor countries are also contributory factors, experts believe.

Acknowledgement: Medical News Today

Familial risk assessment (legacy)

Guideline for recording family history of breast and ovarian cancer and assessment of genetic risk

Early Referral voice application (DIVA)

This application demonstrates a telephone consultation between a general practitioner (actor) and a software "agent" that has specialist knowledge of NICE criteria for urgent referral of patients with suspected cancer.

Triple Assessment for suspected breast cancer

Decision support for diagnosis and management of suspected breast cancer

Management of confirmed breast cancer

Decision support for management of confirmed breast cancer by multidisciplinary teams

Early Referral for suspected breast cancer

This application advses whether to refer a patient displaying suspicious symptoms to a specialist